de:Telugu fr:TÚlougou pl:Język telugu
Telugu belongs to the family of Dravidian languages and is the official language of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is also one among the 19 official national languages of India. In India, Telugu is the most spoken mother tongue after Hindi. 19th century Englishmen called it the "Italian of the East" as all words in Telugu end with a vowel sound and are often quite melodic to the ear.
Telugu was initially called Andhra bhasha (the language of Andhra). Andhra was the name of the area consisting of the present coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. In 1956, 10 Nizam districts and 4 districts of Rayalaseema were merged to Andhra and the collection was called Andhra Pradesh. Prakrut had significant effect on Telugu in earlier ages. But from Nannayya, Sanskrit had major influence on Telugu for the next 500-600 years.
Telugu is a member of the Telugu languages, along with Chenchu language, Savara language, and Waddar language. The Telugu languages are part of the South-central branch of the Dravidian languages.
Telugu is mainly spoken in Andhra Pradesh in India and in neighboring states in India, but it is also spoken in Bahrain, Fiji, Malaysia, Mauritius, United States, Singapore, and United Arab Emirates. Telugu people live almost in all parts of the World.
Telugu is one of the official languages of India.It is the official language of the state of Andhra Pradesh
The dialects of Telugu identified by the Ethnologue are Berad, Dasari, Dommara, Golari, Kamathi, Komtao, Konda-Reddi, Salewari, Telangana, Telugu, Vadaga, Vadari, Srikakula, Vishakapatnam, East Godavari, Rayalseema, Nellore and Guntur.In Tamil Nadu the Telugu dialect is classified into Salem, Coimbatore, Chennai Telugu dialects.
Creoles and other languages that are derived from this language.
Historical sound changes
In Telugu, Karta (nominative case or the doer), Karma (object of the verb) and Kriya (action or the verb) follow a sequence. Linguists classify Telugu as a Dravidian Language as this pattern is found in other Dravidian languages but not in Sanskrit. Telugu also has the Vibhakthi (or preposition) tradition.
tammudu = younger brother
anna = older brother
bamma = paternal grandmother
ammamma = maternal grandmother
taata = grandfather
Telugu is usually written using the Telugu alphabet, a Brahmic script. The Telugu script is phonetic in nature. It has 56 characters in total. Its appearance is quite similar to the Kannada alphabet. It is assigned Unicode codepoints: 0C00-0C7F (3072-3199).
Literature in Telugu
Sri Pothuluri Verrabrahmendra Swami (like his western counterpart Nostradamus) composed "Kalagnanam", the records of the past, present, and future.
The famous epic in Indian literature Mahabharatha was translated into telugu over a period of a few centuries by Nannaya, Tikkana and Yerrapragada. Nannaya is also credited to have participated in formalizing telugu grammar.
A number of famous luminaries in classical indian music called "Carnatic Music" wrote their works in telugu. Tyagaraja, Annamacharya and Kshetrayya are but a few of a number of contributors. Modern composers like Mysore Vasudevachari also chose Telugu as their medium of composition.