Arlington County Virginia
As of 2000, the population is 189,453. Its county seat is the census-designated place of Arlington6. Strictly speaking, it is inaccurate to refer to a city or town of Arlington. All cities within the Commonwealth are independent of counties, though normally towns may be incorporated within counties. However, Virginia law prevents the creation of any municipality within a county that has a population density over 1,000 persons per square mile, which Arlington County (and its neighbor, Fairfax County) exceeds.
There are numerous unincorporated neighborhoods within Arlington County that are commonly referred to by name as if they were distinct towns, and characterized by the County as "urban villages." These include:
There are also numerous neighborhoods which are largely residential, including:
Arlington is bisected by the east-west street Arlington Boulevard, which divides streets into "north" and "south" designations; east-west streets are numbered, radiating outwards from Arlington Boulevard; and north-south streets are alphabetical, turning over with syllables, starting from "charles" (C-one-syllable) to "arizona" (A-four-syllables). However, since Arlington is very hilly, it is common for streets to terminate and continue later on in another location; making it one of the most confusing places to navigate.
A number of arterials radiate from the Arlington Cemetery area, including Lee Highway, Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington Boulevard, Wilson Boulevard, and Columbia Pike. Some have a more concentric design, like Glebe Road, and George Mason Boulevard.
Arlington County is a part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.
Arlington is located at 38°52'49" North, 77°6'30" West (38.880344, -77.108260)1. It is bounded on the north by Fairfax County, on the west by the City of Falls Church, on the south by the City of Alexandria, and on the east by the Potomac River; across the river is the City of Washington, DC.
Arlington County is the smallest county in the State, and is one of the smallest in the United States.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 189,453 people, 86,352 households, and 39,290 families residing in the county. The population density is 2,828/km² (7,323/mi²). There are 90,426 housing units at an average density of 1,350/km² (3,495/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 68.94% White, 9.35% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 8.62% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 8.33% from other races, and 4.34% from two or more races. 18.62% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 86,352 households out of which 19.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.30% are married couples living together, 7.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 54.50% are non-families. 40.80% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.30% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.15 and the average family size is 2.96.
In the county, the population is spread out with 16.50% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 42.40% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 101.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 100.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $63,001, and the median income for a family is $78,877. Males have a median income of $51,011 versus $41,552 for females. The per capita income for the county is $37,706. 7.80% of the population and 5.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.10% are under the age of 18 and 7.00% are 65 or older. In 2004 the average single-family home sales price passed $600,000, approximately triple the price less than a decade before, and the median topped $550,000.
Although one of the less wealthy jurisdictions in Northern Virginia, Arlington spends about half of its revenue on education, making it one of the top ten per-pupil spenders in the nation (as of 2004, over $13,000), and maintains one of the best educational programs in the region.
Arlington County is the home of Washington National Airport, as well as the Pentagon, although it has a Washington, D.C. address. The Arlington National Cemetery is also located here, which contains the Tomb of the Unknowns and the grave of President John F. Kennedy.
Arlington County was part of the original ten-mile square created as the District of Columbia in 1791 pursuant to Article I, Section 17, of the United States Constitution. The portion of the District created from territory ceded by Virginia was termed Alexandria County of the District of Columbia. It included the present Arlington County plus part of what is now the independent city of Alexandria, Virginia. The area was returned to Virginia by an act of the United States Congress on July 9, 1846 following a referendum of its citizens. In 1870, Alexandria seceded from Alexandria County, and because of the confusion between the city and the county having the same name, a movement started to rename Alexandria County. In 1920, the name Arlington County was adopted, after Arlington House, the home of the American Civil War general Robert E. Lee, which stands on the grounds of what is now Arlington National Cemetery.